Religious Persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
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By Muhammad Zafrulla Khan
This concisely written text presents the teachings of Islam and their distinct superiority over various Articles that make up the Declaration of Human Rights adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations and universally acclaimed as the greater charter of freedom. The author explains how 1400 years ago, Islam emancipated the poor and oppressed and gave the world the basic prescription for the respect and value of all human beings irrespective of class, colour or creed. Those instructions contained in the Holy Qur'an remain as relevant today as they were at the time that it was revealed. However, with the passage of time, some parts of Muslim society neglected Qur'anic teachings with an inevitable decline in moral standards. The author however concludes on an optimistic note that the revival of Islam is happening and with it a close adherence to the values laid out in the Holy Qur'an
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Home Critical Analysis/Archives Report on the Situation of Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan
Report on the Situation of Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan

“… members of the Ahmadiyya community … can be imprisoned and even sentenced to death solely for the exercise of their right to freedom of religion…”
Pakistan: violations of human rights of Ahmadis
September 1991
AI Index: ASA/33/15/91

The following is the text of 295C PPC which provides for the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy. In 1992, by order of the Federal Shariat Court, 295-C PPC was amended to make death the only possible penalty for blasphemy. The National Assembly did not amend the PPC or appeal the decision of the Court in the time allowed by the decision. By order of the Court, failure to amend or appeal the decision in the alloted time resulted in the allowance for life imprisonment to be deemed struck. While the wording has not changed, death is now the mandatory penalty.

Click hrer for a partial list of cases filed under PPC 295c.

Printed by the Manager, Printing Corporation of Pakistan Press, Islamabad
Published by the Manager of Publications, Karachi

ACT III of 1986


(Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part I, 12th October 1986)

The following Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) received the assent of the President on the 5th October, 1986, and is hereby published for general information:

Whereas it is expedient further to amend the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860) and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act of 1893), for the purposes hereinafter appearing:

Vol. XXXVIII-1986    Central Statues             71

It is hereby enacted as follows:

1. Short title and commencement.
(1) This act may be called the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1986
(2) It shall come into force at once.

2. Insertion of new section 295-C, Act XLV of 1860. In the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860), after section 295-B, the following new section shall be inserted, namely:

"295-C, Use of derogatory remarks, etc., in respect of the Holy Prophet. Whoever by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representation, or by any imputation, innuendo, or insinuation, directly or indirectly, defiles the sacred name of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine."

3. Amendment of Schedule II, Act V of 1898. In the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), in Schedule II, after the entries relating to section 295-A, the following new entries shall be inserted, namely:

Defiling, etc., of copy of Holy Quran
May arrest without warrant
Imprisonment for life
Court of Session
Use of Derogatory remarks, etc., in respect of the Holy Prophet.
Death or imprisonment for life, and fine
Court of Session presided by a Muslim

Registered No. S1033

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Last modified: 4 November 1994
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