Religious Persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
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The Heavenly Decree is the English translation of Asmani Faisala by Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Promised Messiah and Mahdi (as) and the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Jama'at. It is addressed to his contemporary ulema, specially Miyan Nadhir Husain Dehlawi and Maulawi Muhammad Husain of Batala who had issued a fatwa of heresy against the Promised Messiahas and declared him a non-Muslim, because he (the Promised Messiahas) had claimed that Jesus Christ had died a natural death and the second coming of Masih ibni Mariam (Jesus Christ) is fulfilled by the advent of Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmadas. Because (by the time the book was written) the ulema had refused to debate this issue with the Promised Messiah, he invited them, in this book, to a spiritual contest in which the question whether someone is a Muslim or not would be settled by Allah himself on the basis of four criteria of a true believer as laid down by Him in the Holy Quran. He also spelled out the modus operandi of this contest and fixed the period of time frame within which this contest would be decreed by Allah. He declared that God would not desert him and would help him and would grant him victory.
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Home Critical Analysis/Archives Report on the Situation of Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan
Report on the Situation of Ahmadi Muslims in Pakistan

“… members of the Ahmadiyya community … can be imprisoned and even sentenced to death solely for the exercise of their right to freedom of religion…”
Pakistan: violations of human rights of Ahmadis
September 1991
AI Index: ASA/33/15/91

The following is the text of 295C PPC which provides for the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy. In 1992, by order of the Federal Shariat Court, 295-C PPC was amended to make death the only possible penalty for blasphemy. The National Assembly did not amend the PPC or appeal the decision of the Court in the time allowed by the decision. By order of the Court, failure to amend or appeal the decision in the alloted time resulted in the allowance for life imprisonment to be deemed struck. While the wording has not changed, death is now the mandatory penalty.

Click hrer for a partial list of cases filed under PPC 295c.

Printed by the Manager, Printing Corporation of Pakistan Press, Islamabad
Published by the Manager of Publications, Karachi

ACT III of 1986


(Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part I, 12th October 1986)

The following Act of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) received the assent of the President on the 5th October, 1986, and is hereby published for general information:

Whereas it is expedient further to amend the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860) and the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act of 1893), for the purposes hereinafter appearing:

Vol. XXXVIII-1986    Central Statues             71

It is hereby enacted as follows:

1. Short title and commencement.
(1) This act may be called the Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1986
(2) It shall come into force at once.

2. Insertion of new section 295-C, Act XLV of 1860. In the Pakistan Penal Code (Act XLV of 1860), after section 295-B, the following new section shall be inserted, namely:

"295-C, Use of derogatory remarks, etc., in respect of the Holy Prophet. Whoever by words, either spoken or written, or by visible representation, or by any imputation, innuendo, or insinuation, directly or indirectly, defiles the sacred name of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) shall be punished with death, or imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine."

3. Amendment of Schedule II, Act V of 1898. In the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898 (Act V of 1898), in Schedule II, after the entries relating to section 295-A, the following new entries shall be inserted, namely:

Defiling, etc., of copy of Holy Quran
May arrest without warrant
Imprisonment for life
Court of Session
Use of Derogatory remarks, etc., in respect of the Holy Prophet.
Death or imprisonment for life, and fine
Court of Session presided by a Muslim

Registered No. S1033

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Last modified: 4 November 1994
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